The United States, for the very first time since the Korean War, stands at the brink of defeat after fighting the most protracted war in American history in Afghanistan which has been for more than 15 years. The war started in 2001 after 9/11 when the then president Bush declared war on terror against the Taliban regime which has its bases in the mountains of Afghanistan. However, the end of the way in the defeat of the sole remaining superpower after the collapse of the Soviet Union raises very many questions.
The war in Afghanistan which has been known as Operation Enduring Freedom has seen the US government deploy over 100, 000 troops in the Afghan mountains, spent over $1 trillion of taxpayers money to fund the campaign. The war has seen 2,300 American soldiers lose their lives with thousand other sustaining serious injuries such as limb mutilation from the Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) planted by the Taliban fighters. The US government has also spent more than $100 billion in efforts to rebuild the war-ravaged country and in the form of military assistance in training more than 350,000 allies from the Afghan populace.
The prospect for stability in Afghanistan that President Obama canceled a planned of troops from the country in 2016 and ordered more than 8,000 soldiers to deploy in the nation indefinitely. The failure by the United States to win the war on terror lies a paradox. The military operations in Abbottabad have been brought to a screeching halt by the trade of heroine popularly known as the opium poppy. For the more than 30 years that the US has deployed its troops to Afghanistan, there has been successful; military operations when Washington reasonably fitted in the most significant illegal opium trade in the world.
These operations also had a failed outcome when they did not complement the illicit trade. It was during the height of the Cold war that the United States made their first incursion to Afghanistan to support Islamic militants who were fighting to push the Soviet Red Army from their country’s borders. The efforts to pacify the region have almost failed since the invasion by President Bush in October 2001, and the Taliban regime continues to reign terror to the Afghan citizens. The main reason behind this failure is that Washington was unable to control the surplus production and trafficking of the country’s trade in Heroine. Just immediately after the invasion, the nation’s heroin production inflated to an annual output of 3,000 tons up from 180 tons in 2001.